The Key Regulations and Authorities That Cosmetic Companies Need To Abide By In The European Union

The Key Regulations and Authorities That Cosmetic Companies Need To Abide By In The European Union

Cosmetic companies operating in the European Union (EU) must adhere to specific regulations and guidelines to ensure the safety and quality of their products.

Here are some key regulations and authorities that cosmetic companies need to abide by in the European Union:


  1. Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009: This is the primary regulation governing cosmetics in the EU. It covers safety assessments, labelling, ingredients, and notification requirements.
  • Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009 is a key piece of legislation governing cosmetic products within the European Union (EU). It replaced the previous Cosmetics Directive (Directive 76/768/EEC) and introduced a modernized and comprehensive regulatory framework for the safety, labeling, and marketing of cosmetic products in the EU. The regulation came into full effect on July 11, 2013. As of my last knowledge update in September 2021, here are some of the key provisions and objectives of Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009:

    Scope: The regulation applies to all cosmetic products intended for sale or distribution in the EU. It covers a wide range of cosmetic products, including skincare, haircare, perfumes, makeup, and personal hygiene products.

  • Responsible Person: Manufacturers or importers must designate a "Responsible Person" within the EU who is responsible for ensuring compliance with the regulation. This person is typically the manufacturer, the importer, or a designated entity.

  • Safety Assessment: Before placing a cosmetic product on the market, a safety assessment must be conducted. This assessment evaluates the safety of the product's ingredients and their concentrations to ensure that the product does not harm human health under normal or reasonably foreseeable use.

  • Cosmetic Product Safety Report (CPSR): A Cosmetic Product Safety Report must be created for each cosmetic product and must be available for inspection. The CPSR includes data on the product's safety, including information on ingredients, exposure, and risk assessment.

  • Notification: Certain cosmetic products, such as those containing nanomaterials, must be notified to the European Commission before being placed on the market.

  • Prohibited and Restricted Substances: The regulation lists prohibited and restricted substances that cannot be used in cosmetic products or are subject to specific limitations. These restrictions are based on safety assessments.

  • Labeling Requirements: Cosmetic products must be labeled with specific information, including the name and address of the Responsible Person, ingredient listing, batch number, usage instructions, and a "best before" date.

  • Cosmetic Claims: Claims made about cosmetic products must be truthful, not misleading, and substantiated by scientific evidence.

  • Market Surveillance: National authorities in EU member states are responsible for monitoring and enforcing compliance with cosmetic regulations.

Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009 is a comprehensive framework that aims to ensure the safety and quality of cosmetic products while promoting innovation and protecting consumers within the European Union. It plays a critical role in maintaining consumer trust in the safety and efficacy of cosmetic products sold in the EU market.

2. European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): ECHA oversees the safety of cosmetic ingredients and their registration under the REACH (Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation, and Restriction of Chemicals) regulation.

3. Cosmetic Product Safety Report (CPSR): Cosmetic companies in the EU must prepare CPSRs for each product, detailing safety assessments and other essential information.

It's essential for cosmetic companies to stay up-to-date with the latest regulatory developments and requirements in their market. Compliance with these regulations is crucial for consumer safety, legal compliance, market access, and maintaining a positive brand reputation. 

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